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ever, omitted in that of the second. We then gave it as our opi. nion (Rev. vol. Ixxvii, p. 79.), that this little work proceeded not from the pen of that ingenious gentleman; and we are not induced, from the continuation of the story, here presented to us, to change itAB. Art. 19, Memoirs of the Miss Holmsbys. By Sarah Emma Spencer.

12 mo. 2 Vols. 5 5. fewed. Smith. 1788. • I do not regret having an opportunity of saying something of myself; which will, I presume, dispose every humane and candid reader to excuse some of the faults of the following pages. I have had but an humble education.--I may truly add, that I have not a friend in the world who would take the trouble of correcting these epifles : they therefore appear just as they fell from my pen. They were written by the bed. fide of a fick husband, who has no other fupport than what my writings will produce.' Author's Preface.

Such a story would assuredly cause the pen to drop from the hand of the most severe and rigorous critic. But the writer stands nor in need of the indulgence which she solicits. Her Novel is generally interesting. There is a happy contrast of character in it; and the more prominent features of virtue and vice are depicted with contiderable skill and judgment.

A.B. Art. 20. Oswald Castle; or Memoirs, of Lady Sophia Woodville,

12mo. 2 Vols. 6 s. sewet. Tookham. 1788. Character and incident, the principal, and indubitable requisites in novel-writing are not to be found in this performance. The elegant and the tender, however, are happily blended in it. It is, in short, a very pretty love-story; a story from which our women may learn, as in a mirroor, to deck themselves with the jewels of virtue and morality, the brightest which they can poffibly wear.

.A.B. Art. 21. Phoebe; or distressed Innocence. 12mo. 2 Vols. 5 s. Tewed,

Stalker. « Every fable or story," says the Stagyrite, “ must have a beginning, a middle, and an end." The author of the present performance, however, seems to be of opinion that there is no necefiey for such formalities. What a jumble of absurdity is here ! « Chaos is come again.”

A.B. Art. 22. The Illusions of Sentiment. 12mo. 2 s. sewed. Axtell.'

Trifing and frothy. Isabella de Montmorency, the heroine of the Tale, informs us that she is ' inurod to transcribe her most trivial thoughes'. We are very sorry to hear it, and sincerely with her some better employment.

A.B. Art. 23. Helena. By a Lady of Distinction. 12mo. 2s. 6 d. sewed.

Richardson. 1738. • Helena, a Novel, by a Lady of dillinction.' No! said we, mentally *, on a perusal of it, this is not the production of a woman of

• Said he inentally.'-This exprellion occurs in the present and also in three or four other Novels, which have, within the last twelve months, fallen into our hands. From this, and other lingu. larities, we fuppole chem to be the productions of one and the laine pen.


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fashion. But let not this remark operate to the prejudice of the
work.-The truth is, that there is no little degree of merit in this No-
vel: we mean not in the delineation and force of the characters, but

in the several pleasing and truly moral reflections which are scat; cered through it. We with this Lady of distinction would allow her.

felf a greater portion of time in the finishing of her composicions, so
as to give them the correctness which they undoubtedly want. But
perhaps we require what is altogether impossible. She may be in
the same, or nearly the same situation as that of many gentlemen ay-
bors— “ steeped in poverty to the very lips."- Unhappy gentle-
men, the Drydens, perhaps, of the day!--and who, unable in any
fort, to counteract that poverty,“

Look pale, and all December tafle no wine. Juv. Sat. I.
But this observation respecting the present writer is founded only
in conjecture, and judging from the rapidity with which she appears
to; write; we hall be glad to find ourselves mistaken in the matter.

Art. 24. A Series of Letters. By the Author of Clarinda Cathcart*;

Alicia Montaguet; and the Comedy of Sir Harry Gaylove 1.
12mo. 2 Vols. 6 s. sewed. Elliot, 1788.

We refer in the note below to the opinions which we gave of these
feparate publications before we knew of their affinity, or of their
common parent, who, in an advertisement to the present volumes,
figos herself Jean Marishall, and dates from Edinburgh. We be-
lieve this Lady profeffes fome branches of education, either publicly
or privately, and the expresses herself with ease and freedom on the
several points which now have employed her attention. In one of
her letters the gives the public her literary history, a history more
. amusing to the reader than to the anxious writer. The high expect-
tations of inexperience, and the severe mortifications of disappoint-
ment, are however by no means unusual with literary adventurers ;
with whom notwithstanding the world is always fufficiently supplied ;
and however this Lady may have suffered, it does not appear that she
is yet disheartened, having, from the circumstances related, met with
more private consolation than many of her unfortunate competitors
for literary emoluments.

These letters were written to one of her young pupils, after he
had left her; and they treat of a variety of subjects, moral, poli-
rical, and religious ; and though she wanders too far from home in
the latter, she makes many judicious observations on education and
morals : in all, however, she evidently forms too high expectations
from the success of proper tuition, and proper measures ; far higher
than the untractableness of human dispositions, and the counterac-
tion of the human passions, will warrant. Judging from her general
good sense, we were much disappointed at her apology for daubing
the human face with artificial colours; which we cannot suffer to


* See Rev. vol. xxxiii. p. 405; + Rev. vol. xxxvii. p. 76. Rev. vol. xlviii.

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pass without disapprobation. It is contained in the following paslage written to her pupil, then in Switzerland :

• Ar the wedding to which you was invited, although unacquainted with the parties, you say you was much hurt at seeing the Ladies ftanding in a group, the bridegroom in the midst of them, with a rouge-box in one hand, and with the other, painting the Ladies cheeks, single and married. You could not help exclaiming,-0 tempora! O mores ! – Now, my dear friend, in my opinion it would have been much more agrecable to your natural difpofition of pleasing, to have enjoyed the humour of the company; and if [it be] cuftomary for the men in Switzerland to paint an inch chick, to have without scruple followed their example. For my pare, I see no more harm in putting rouge on the face, than in powdering the hair, only so far as it is done with an intention to deceive : and even in this respect, I am not very clear about it; for if it is allowable to cover any defect of nature, or improve it by art, why not the complexion ?

Because, though both may be equally preposterous, abstracted from the obligations of that tyrant, fashion, the latter is more injurious than the former, and destroys prematurely what it was meant to improve. Even if it had not this evil tendency, is one bad habit, an act of gross deception, to justify another? If so, the authority grows stronger as we advance, and disdains all limitation! We little expected to find a lady so capable of advifing in other points of condu&t, so egregiously duped by a depraved custom, that we did not think had travelled so far North.

We have yet another point to settle with Mrs. Marilhall, and that is, the merit of Novel-writing as a vehicle of instruction, which she ftrenuously asserts. “I am clearly of opinion that novels have inspired a thousand young people with principles of honour and moral rectia tude, for one they ever hurt." Sorry as we are to dispute her judg. ment, we are as clearly of a contrary opinion. In proportion as sentiment is fubftituted for adventures, or adventures lead to sentiment, the ftory grows insipid, and such Novels are rejected as bad. Novel-readers do not read for instruction, but for amusement; that kind of amusement which abstracts their attention from their own homely concerns, and carries them into the Aowery regions of imagination, whence they return with reluctance to their own family affairs and connections; which their familiarity with their ideal acquaintance leads them to despise, as unsuitable to their new ideas of fenfibility; and a desire to realize some of those plcasing visions, too often tempts them into improper associations, and to wrong fteps. Let the reducing scenes, to vulgar minds, in the Beggar's Opera decide the question.

If an haberdasher's powdered davghter takes every opportunity to iteal from behind her father's counter up to her own room, to study the adventures of Jenny and Jemmy Jesamy; if every petty gentleman's daughter disdains the imputation of attending to domestic concerns, to bridle forth a Miss Byron, we need not wonder at matrimonial disappointments, nor to find prudent young men shrink from venturing, where the chances are so greatly against them. If


the merchant's * clerk, instead of fixing his mind steadily to traffie, and to posting bis accounts, dissipates his ideas, by tracing the amours of Captain A. and Lady B. or the Covent Garden frolics of Colonel C, his morals will be as much disordered as his books: and should Mrs. Marishall plead that she does not write for the low mechanical ranks of mankind; yet, if the obligation which Novel-writers are under to render their fi&tions agreeable, does no good to the superior classes in life, and, which is of much more importance, distracts the attention and perverts the judgment of the lower orders in society,--the casual advantage they may afford to those few whose prin. ciples are not to be shaken, cannot balance the extensive disadvanwige done to those whose passions make a wrong application of equivocal lessons ! But manners are now so far relaxed, that these antiquated notions will only be relished by the few: for even the prudent Dirs. Marishall, who, as we have fhown, allows her sex to improve their complexions by paint, considers domestic duties as only servile concerns below the attention of a wife, where they can be paid for; of course, so far as such sentiments operate, they will be paid for oftener than they can be safely afforded. Such doctrine is at least unprofitable. Noo. Art. 25. Important Facts and Opinions relative to the King ; faithfully

collected from the Examination of the Royal Physicians, and clearly arranged under general Heads. 410. is. Ridgeway. 1789.

The principal parts of the examination of the physicians are here felected, and as the title-page expresses it, arranged under general heads. The plan is doubtless a good one; and admitting it to have been impartially executed, this compilement may save the reader of me original report great labour in collecting and judging of the facts. Art. 26. A Poftfcript to Mrs. Stewart's Cafe. 4to. 6d. See our la

Month's Review, p. 82. Mrs. Stewart, otherwise Rudd, continues her {pirited invece tives againit Lord Rawdon (once lier benefactor), as the interceptor of that public benevolence, to which the apprehends herself to have a peculiar claim, as a woman of birth and family t, reduced to extieme distress. She also takes some notice of certain paragraphs which had appeared in the newspapers concerning her; and she still reproaches her enemies, in terms of the most lovereign contempt. Some other persons of distinction are also attacked in this pamphlet. Art. 27. M. Neckar’s Report to his most Christian Majefty in Council, announcing important Changes in the French Government. Translated from the French. 8vo. pp. 47. 1s. 6 d. Debrett. 3789

it is imposible to peruse this admirable address to the King of France, without being filled with the highest admiration of the wis

* Either an English or a Scots merchant; for the heads of both are too much diverted from the low attentions on which their welfare depends. † See our account of her cafe, as above referred to.


dom and patriotic virtue of the excellent minifter, to whose inftrumentality France will, in all probability, be for ever indebted (because the can never fully repay him) for that reformation in government, which seems to be happily advancing, with gradual steps, but determined purpose: so that the time, perhaps, is at no great diftance, when that emancipated nation will no longer hear, with abject submision, her GRAND MONARQUE afferting “ The right divine of Kings to-govern wrong."

POLITIC A L. Art. 28. A Letter to John Horne Tooke, Esq. occasioned by his Two PAIR

OP PORTRAITS, and other late Publications. 8vo. pp. 100. 25. Stalker. 1799.

We must rank this epistolary performance among the most diftinguilhed of those productions which have appeared in opposition to the party that hath taken the field under the banners of him who was once styled the man of the people : a title which now seems to have changed fides.

This well-informed writer, apprehends that the portraits drawn by Mr. Tooke, have been too much contracted'; that they have been exhibited to the world without those elaborate and finishing touches which the pencil of such a master can give to every feature; that they are only fketches in miniature ; and that, of course, they must fail of producing all that general effect which the times reqoire.--He therefore advises his very ingenious correspondent to enlarge his canvass, and to give us the four persons, in their full proportion, as large as the life. The materials,' says he, are more ihan can be crowded into the narrow limits which you seem to have prescribed to yourself. What you have executed * has done much good, but more is in your power. Give us, with that strength of colouring of which you are master, your Two Pair of PORTRAITS over again. Begin with the Right Hon. Henry Fox, and the Right Hon. William Pict. Those were the names which thirty years ago kept the public mind in agitation, and they are at this hour the names that engage the attention of the whole community. The fituations in which the two former stood, as well with regard to the nation as to each other, may be traced ; their conduct in those fituations may be diftin&lly marked; and it will not be incarious to point out the lines of resemblance in the characters and conduct of their descendants. Such hints as have occurred to me, I fall offer to your confideration.'

With this view, the writer presents to his friend, in order as he expreffes it, ' to point out to him a general outline,' A Pair of PORTRAITS, • as drawn by the masterly hand of the late Earl of Chesterfield t. These pictures are certainly well painted, and they are generally deemed good resemblances; though perhaps that of Mr.

* For the account given by us, of Mr. H. T.'s two Pair of Poriraits, see Review for August 1788, page 175.

+ The author professes to have copied thein from Flexney's publication in 1777.–Our readers will find the portrait of Mr. Pirt at length, in the Review, vol, lyi. p. 293.

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