Although verbal learning offers a powerful tool, Mayer explores ways of going beyond the purely verbal. Recent advances in graphics technology and information technology have prompted new efforts to understand the potential of multimedia learning as a means of promoting human understanding. In this second edition, Mayer includes double the number of experimental comparisons, 6 new principles - signalling, segmenting, pertaining, personalization, voice and image principles. The 12 principles of multimedia instructional design have been reorganized into three sections - reducing extraneous processing, managing essential processing and fostering generative processing. Finally an indication of the maturity of the field is that the second edition highlights boundary conditions for each principle research-based constraints on when a principle is likely or not likely to apply. The boundary conditions are interpreted in terms of the cognitive theory of multimedia learning, and help to enrich theories of multimedia learning.
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Principles for Reducing Extraneous Processing In Multimedia Learning
Principles for Managing Essential Processing in Multimedia Learning
Principles for Fostering Generative Processing in Multimedia Learning
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auditory Boundary Conditions Chandler chapter charged particles cloud cognitive capacity cognitive load cognitive processing cognitive theory Coherence Principle Computer computer-based consistent Core Evidence Concerning dual-coding theory Educational Psychology example Expt extraneous processing graphics human voice illustrations Implications for Multimedia information-delivery instructional design integrated Journal of Educational learn better learner learner’s learning outcomes lightning formation line of Table meaningful learning median effect memory mental mental model modality effect modality principle Moreno & Mayer multimedia design multimedia instructional messages multimedia learning multimedia lesson multimedia messages multimedia presentations multimedia principle narrated animation nonpersonalized on-screen text performed better pictorial piston presented material printed text printed words prior knowledge redundancy principle Related Evidence Concerning representations screen SENSORY MEMORY signaling spatial contiguity principle spoken words stepped leader steps in lightning students learn students who received summarized Sweller temporal contiguity principle theory of multimedia verbal visual channel words and pictures