Gender and Literature: A Systems Study
Gender and Literature: A Systems Study addresses the notion of gender as a "social construct," and presents evolutionary reasons for human psycho-behavioral differentiation along the lines of sexual dimorphism of the reproductive and the related functions, which produce the main genders of femininity and masculinity, corresponding roughly with the functions of procreation and competition, respectively. These two gender-oriented poles of human behavior are intermingled in the individual mind to produce a mixture of gender traits that underlie personality and behavior. A statistical model of the overlap of the masculine and feminine traits generates eight specific gender types: the feminine woman, the womanly women, the womanly man, the androgynous man, the androgynous woman, the manly man, the manly woman, and the masculine man. Characteristics of each type are offered together with examples from a wide range of literary texts.
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The Psyche Its Structure
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A. C. Bradley adaptation Algy androgynous Anshel appearance attraction autonomous system Avigdor Banquo behavior biological Bloom Cecily Cesario configurations contrasexual correlator critics cultural Cupid domination dynamism of character elements emotions endodynamic endostatic energy Enide environment Erec Erec and Enide Erec's erotic evolutionary example exodynamic exostatic fact feelings female feminist gender types genetic girl Hadass hand Heracles Heracles's heroic human hunting husband identity individual innate interactions involved Jung Kiberd King knight Lady Macbeth literary London Macduff male manly manly gender manly women Marian Mazur marriage masculine and feminine mind Molly nature needs Olivia one's opposite organism Orsino Oscar Wilde Otto Weininger partner personality physical Pinker play political Psyche Psyche's psychological reaction relations relationship reproductive responses role romantic sense sexual sexual dimorphism Shakespeare situations social society sociological power static statism stereotypes Steven Pinker stimuli symbolic theory traditional Tragedy unconscious Viola wife Wilde's womanly woman Yentl