Neuroethics: Defining the Issues in Theory, Practice, and Policy

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Oxford University Press, 2006 - Medical - 329 pages
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Recent advances in the brain sciences have dramatically improved our understanding of brain function. As we find out more and more about what makes us tick, we must stop and consider the ethical implications of this new found knowledge. Will having a new biology of the brain through imaging make us less responsible for our behavior and lose our free will? Should certain brain scan studies be disallowed on the basis of moral grounds? Why is the media so interested in reporting results of brain imaging studies? What ethical lessons from the past can best inform the future of brain imaging?

These compelling questions and many more are tackled by a distinguished group of contributors to this, the first-ever volume on neuroethics. The wide range of disciplinary backgrounds that the authors represent, from neuroscience, bioethics and philosophy, to law, social and health care policy, education, religion and film, allow for profoundly insightful and provocative answers to these questions, and open up the door to a host of new ones. The contributions highlight the timeliness of modern neuroethics today, and assure the longevity and importance of neuroethics for generations to come.
  

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The Brainome: Re-exploring Evolution?
Uni- To Brained Multi-Cellular Evolution
From: Dov Henis
Sent: Thursday, August 16, 2012 6:45 PM
To: 'eic@the-scientist.com'
Subject: ReYr article, I posted tens of data-based articles describing the *marked subjects below, during the past 15 years...also in The Scientist…
I.
The Wheel Is Invented! Read All About It!
http://the-scientist.com/2012/08/15/bacteria-breed-multicellularity/#disqus_thread
Update AAAS religious trade union concepts:
Natural Selection Is Ubiquitous
Higgs Particle? Dark Energy/Matter? Epigenetics? These Are All YOK!
Update Concepts-Comprehension…
http://universe-life.com/2011/12/13/21st-century-science-whence-and-whither/
Evolution Is The Quantum Mechanics Of Natural Selection.
The quantum mechanics of every process is its evolution.
Quantum mechanics are mechanisms, possible or probable or actual mechanisms of natural selection.
Origin And Nature Of Brain, Of “Spirituality"
You Owe Your Life To Natural Selection Of RNA. Period.
Consciousness-spirituality are brainchildren, and the brain is a progeny of mono-cells communities evolution: Plain and Simple…
Tryptophan to serotonin to melatonin…
http://universe-life.com/2011/08/31/origins-in-cells-clusters-intercell-cleanup/
II.
Universe-Energy-Mass-Life Compilation
http://universe-life.com/2012/02/03/universe-energy-mass-life-compilation/
A. The Universe
From the Big-Bang it is a rationally commonsensical conjecture that the gravitons, the smallest base primal particles of the universe, must be both mass and energy, i.e. inert mass yet in motion even at the briefest fraction of a second of the pre Big Bang singularity. This is rationally commonsensical since otherwise the Big would not have Banged, the superposition of mass and energy would not have been resolved.
The universe originates, derives and evolves from this energy-mass dualism which is possible and probable due to the small size of the gravitons.
Since gravitation Is the propensity of energy reconversion to mass and energy is mass in motion, gravity is the force exerted between mass formats.
All the matter of the universe is a progeny of the gravitons evolutions, of the natural selection of mass, i.e. of some of the mass formats attaining temporary augmented energy constraint in their successive generations, with energy drained from other mass formats, to temporarily postpone, survive, the reversion of their own constitutional mass to the pool of cosmic energy fueling the galactic clusters expansion set in motion by the Big Bang.
B. Earth Life
Earth Life is just another mass format. A self-replicating mass format. Self-replication is its mode of evolution, natural selection. Its smallest base primal units are the RNAs genes.
The genesis of RNAs genes, life’s primal organisms, is rationally commonsensical thus highly probable, the “naturally-selected” RNA nucleotides.
Life began/evolved on Earth with the natural selection of inanimate RNA, then of some RNA nucleotides, then arriving at the ultimate mode of natural selection, self-replication.
C. Know Thyself. Life Is Simpler Than We Are Told, Including Origin-Nature Of Brain-Consciousness-“Spirituality”***
The origin-reason and the purpose-fate of life are mechanistic, ethically and practically valueless. Life is the cheapest commodity on Earth.
As Life is just another mass format, due to the oneness of the universe it is commonsensical that natural selection is ubiquitous for ALL mass formats and that life, self-replication, is its extension. And it is commonsensical, too, that evolutions, broken symmetry scenarios, are ubiquitous in all processes in all disciplines and that these evolutions are the “quantum mechanics” of the processes.
Human life is just one of many nature’s routes for the natural survival of RNAs, the base primal Earth organisms.
Life’s evolution, self-replication:
*Genes (organisms) to genomes (organisms) to mono-cellular to multicellular organisms
 

Contents

Moral decisionmaking and the brain
3
A case study of neuroethics the nature of moral judgment
17
Moral and legal responsibility and the new neuroscience
33
Brains lies and psychological explanations
51
Being in the world neuroscience and the ethical agent
61
Creativity gratitude and the enhancement debate
75
Ethical dilemmas in neurodegenerative disease respecting patients at the twilight of agency
87
Neuroethics in practice
103
Engineering the brain
185
Transcranial magnetic stimulation and the human brain an ethical evaluation
201
Functional neurosurgical intervention neuroethics in the operating room
213
Clinicians patients and the brain
229
Justice social institutions and neuroethics
243
The social effects of advances in neuroscience legal problems legal perspectives
245
Neuroethics in education
265
Poverty privilege and brain development empirical findings and ethical implications
277

From genome to brainome charting the lessons learned
105
Protecting human subjects in brain research a pragmatic perspective
123
Facts fictions and the future of neuroethics
141
A picture is worth 1000 words but which 1000?
149
When genes and brains unite ethical implications of genomic neuroimaging
169
Religious responses to neuroscientific questions
289
The mind in the movies a neuroethical analysis of the portrayal of the mind in popular media
297
Neuroethics mapping a new interdiscipline
313
Index
321
Copyright

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About the author (2006)

Judy Illes is at Senior Research Scholar and Director, Program for Neuroethics, Center for Biomedical Ethics; Senior Research Scholar, Department of Radiology, Stanford University, California, USA.

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