Discovering the History of Psychiatry

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Mark S. Micale, Roy Porter
Oxford University Press, 1994 - Medical - 466 pages
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The field of psychiatry has exercised enormous influence in our century, not only among scientists and mental health professionals, but also in the arts, humanities, and social sciences which shape the cultural life of millions. This vitality has been accompanied by a profusion of historical material. Yet, while growing rapidly, the documented history of psychiatry has been ridden with controversy due to the great variety of interpretive nuance among different writers. This book brings together leading international authorities - physicians, historians, social scientists, and others - who explore the many complex interpretive and ideological dimensions of historical writing about psychiatry. The book includes chapters on the history of the asylum, Freud, anti-psychiatry in the United States and abroad, feminist interpretations of psychiatry's past, and historical accounts of Nazism and psychotherapy, as well as discussions of many individual historical figures and movements. It represents the first attempt to study comprehensively the multiple mythologies that have grown up around the history of madness and the origin, functions, and validity of these myths in our psychological century. The audience includes every person interested in the state of discussion and reflection taking place in the compelling science of the human mind.
  

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Contents

Early Developments
14
The Beginning of Psychiatric Historiography in NineteenthCentury
39
19101960
53
History between Psychoanalysis
83
George Rosen and the History of Mental Illness
95
The History of Psychiatry as the History
112
The History of Psychiatry as the Cultural History
135
A History of Freud Biographies
157
A Century
248
Personal Reflections
260
German Psychiatry Psychotherapy and Psychoanalysis during
282
Recurring Themes in the Historiography
297
Thomas Szasz
311
Michel Foucaults Phanomenologie des Krankengeistes
331
Feminist Histories of Psychiatry
348
History and AntiPsychiatry in France
384

Rewriting the History
174
The Critic of Psychoanalysis as Cultural Theorist
191
Les mythes dorigine in the History of Psychiatry
219
The History of a Psychiatric Myth
232
Psychiatry and AntiPsychiatry in the United States
415
Index
445
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About the author (1994)

Mark S. Micale is at Yale University. Roy Porter is at Wellcome Institute for the History of Medicine, London.

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