Undertaker of the Mind: John Monro and Mad-doctoring in Eighteenth-century England
University of California Press, 2001 - Biography & Autobiography - 364 pages
As visiting physician to Bethlem Hospital, the archetypal "Bedlam" and Britain's first and (for hundreds of years) only public institution for the insane, Dr. John Monro (1715–1791) was a celebrity in his own day. Jonathan Andrews and Andrew Scull call him a "connoisseur of insanity, this high priest of the trade in lunacy." Although the basics of his life and career are well known, this study is the first to explore in depth Monro's colorful and contentious milieu. Mad-doctoring grew into a recognized, if not entirely respectable, profession during the eighteenth century, and besides being affiliated with public hospitals, Monro and other mad-doctors became entrepreneurs and owners of private madhouses and were consulted by the rich and famous.
Monro's close social connections with members of the aristocracy and gentry, as well as with medical professionals, politicians, and divines, guaranteed him a significant place in the social, political, cultural, and intellectual worlds of his time. Andrews and Scull draw on an astonishing array of visual materials and verbal sources that include the diaries, family papers, and correspondence of some of England's wealthiest and best-connected citizens. The book is also distinctive in the coverage it affords to individual case histories of Monro's patients, including such prominent contemporary figures as the Earls Ferrers and Orford, the religious "enthusiast" Alexander Cruden, and the "mad" King George III, as well as his crazy would-be assassin, Margaret Nicholson.
What the authors make clear is that Monro, a serious physician neither reactionary nor enlightened in his methods, was the outright epitome of the mad-trade as it existed then, esteemed in some quarters and ridiculed in others. The fifty illustrations, expertly annotated and integrated with the text, will be a revelation to many readers.
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John Monro was the eminent 18th-century visiting physician responsible for the Bethlem Hospital, the first public institution for the insane in England. Andrews (Oxford Brookes Univ.; They're in ... Read full review
John Monro The Making of a MadDoctor
FORGING THE EARLY CAREER
JOHN MONRO AT BETHLEM AND BRIDEWELL
MONRO AND THE GREAT BEDLAM EXHIBITION
HOW TO TREAT A BEDLAMITE
The Real Use of Discussing Madness The Great Lunacy Debate
JOHN MONRO WILLIAM BATTIE AND ST LUKES HOSPITAL FOR LUNATICS
A VERY PUBLIC QUARREL
LUNACY AND THE MONEYED CLASSES
THE MADNESS OF A WHIG GRANDEE
HOW TO TREAT A LORD
LORD ORFORD RECOVERS HIS WITS AND LOSES THEM AGAIN
Mansions of Misery MadDoctors and the MadTrade
THE WIDER MARKET FOR THE MADBUSINESS
JOHN MONRO AND THE PRIVATE MADBUSINESS
FOR THE BEST AND THE WORST PURPOSES? MONRO MADHOUSES AND FALSE CONFINEMENT
JUDGING A DEBATE
A CAUTIOUS RAPPROCHEMENT
Madness in Their Methodism Religious Enthusiasm the MadDoctors and the Case of Alexander Cruden
THE MONROS AND METHODICAL MADNESS
ALEXANDER THE CORRECTOR AND THE MONROS
THE MADMAN AND HIS MADDOCTORS
CRUDENS FINAL CALL FROM GOD
A LAST JUDGMENT OF CRUDENS CASE
Mad as a Lord Monro and the Case of the Earl of Orford
MONRO BECOMES PART OF THE BUSINESS
Murder Most Foul Madness Most High The Courtroom the Stateroom and the Misty Summits of the MadDoctors Expertise
THE FEROCIOUS EARL FERRERS
AND STATE COMMITTALS TO BETHLEM
THE ROYAL MALADY AND THE END OF MONROS CAREER
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Andrews J, Scull A. Undertaker of the mind. John Monro and mad-doctoring in eighteenth-century England. Med Soc (Berkeley). 2001;11:1–364. [pubmed] ...
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Undertaker of the Mind
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Undertaker of the Mind: John Monro and Mad-Doctoring in Eighteenth-Century England . xxii + 389 pp., illus., notes, bibl., index. ...
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