Cure, Comfort and Safe Custody: Public Lunatic Asylums in Early Nineteenth-Century England

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A&C Black, May 11, 1999 - History - 310 pages
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Explores the evolving tensions between the three objectives of the English mental asylum from 1808 to 1845: custody, cure, and comfort. Smith (arts and social sciences, U. of Birmingham, UK) finds that the implicit goal of custody, evidenced in penitentiary-style regimes, was gradually superseded by an Enlightenment-tempered movement towards cure. However, eventually the flaws in the system led to an overcrowding by ever larger numbers of physically deteriorated, aging people, and the emphasis switched to comfort.
  

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Contents

Introduction
1
1 The Rise of the Public Asylum
12
2 Asylum Management
52
Peopling the Asylum
93
From Keepers to Attendants
131
5 Inside the Asylum
159
6 Treatment and Care
187
7 Useful Occupation
227
8 With Due Restraint
247
In Pursuit of Cure
284
Bibliography
289
Index
304
Copyright

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About the author (1999)

Leonard D. Smith is Principal Social Worker in a community health team in Sandwell in the West Midlands.

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